C-Suite Network™

Capital Mergers & Acquisition Negotiating

Merger and Acquisition Consulting Firms

Merger and Acquisition Consulting

Merger and Acquisition (M&A) consulting firms specialize in facilitating the sale of businesses by providing professional guidance and support throughout the entire process. Here’s how an M&A consulting firm can help you sell your business:

  1. Valuation: M&A consultants can help you determine the fair market value of your business by conducting a thorough valuation analysis. This involves assessing your company’s financial performance, assets, liabilities, market position, growth potential, and industry trends to arrive at an accurate valuation.
  2. Preparation: M&A consultants assist in preparing your business for sale by identifying areas of improvement, addressing any operational or financial weaknesses, and optimizing your company’s value proposition to attract potential buyers.
  3. Market Research: M&A consultants conduct comprehensive market research to identify potential buyers who may be interested in acquiring your business. This includes strategic buyers, financial investors, private equity firms, and other entities within your industry or related sectors.
  4. Marketing Strategy: M&A consultants develop a customized marketing strategy to promote your business to potential buyers. This may include preparing marketing materials such as confidential information memorandums (CIMs), teaser documents, and presentations highlighting the key strengths and opportunities of your business.
  5. Confidentiality Management: M&A consultants maintain strict confidentiality throughout the sale process to protect sensitive information about your business. They implement confidentiality agreements (NDAs) and manage the dissemination of information to qualified buyers in a secure and controlled manner.
  6. Negotiation Support: M&A consultants serve as your advocate during negotiations with potential buyers, helping you secure the best possible terms and conditions for the sale of your business. They leverage their expertise in deal structuring, valuation, and negotiation tactics to achieve favorable outcomes.
  7. Due Diligence Management: M&A consultants coordinate the due diligence process, which involves providing prospective buyers with access to relevant documents and information about your business. They ensure that due diligence is conducted efficiently and thoroughly to mitigate risks and address any concerns raised by buyers including gap analysis.
  8. Deal Structuring: M&A consultants assist in structuring the deal to optimize tax efficiency, minimize legal risks, and maximize value for both parties. This may involve negotiating the terms of the sale agreement, including purchase price, payment terms, earn-outs, and other deal considerations.
  9. Legal and Regulatory Compliance: M&A consultants work closely with legal advisors to ensure that the sale of your business complies with all applicable laws, regulations, and industry standards. They help navigate complex legal issues and regulatory requirements to facilitate a smooth and legally sound transaction.
  10. Transaction Management: M&A consultants oversee the entire transaction process from start to finish, managing timelines, coordinating activities between parties, and ensuring that all necessary steps are completed to successfully close the deal.
  11. Post-Sale Transition: M&A consultants provide support during the post-sale transition phase, helping you navigate the integration process if applicable and addressing any issues that may arise after the sale of your business.

Overall, M&A consulting firms play a critical role in helping business owners navigate the complexities of selling their companies, guiding them through every stage of the process to achieve a successful and profitable transaction.

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Selling A Business by Industry: Doctors Office | Pharmacy | MDE | Revenue Cycle Management

Merger and Acquisition Lawyer

A Merger and Acquisition (M&A) lawyer plays a crucial role in facilitating the sale of your business by providing legal expertise and guidance throughout the transaction process. Here’s how an M&A lawyer can help you sell your business:

  1. Structuring the Transaction: M&A lawyers assist in structuring the sale transaction to achieve your objectives and maximize value. They help determine the most suitable deal structure, whether it’s a stock sale, asset sale, merger, or other form of transaction, taking into account tax implications, liability considerations, and other relevant factors.
  2. Drafting and Negotiating Transaction Documents: M&A lawyers prepare and negotiate the various legal documents required for the sale, including the purchase agreement, sale agreement, confidentiality agreements, letters of intent, and other ancillary agreements. They ensure that the terms of the deal are accurately reflected in the legal documents and advocate for your interests during negotiations with the buyer.
  3. Due Diligence Management: M&A lawyers coordinate the due diligence process, working closely with you and your advisors to gather and organize the necessary documents and information requested by the buyer. They review due diligence requests, address any legal issues or concerns raised by the buyer, and help ensure that due diligence is conducted efficiently and thoroughly.
  4. Legal Compliance and Regulatory Matters: M&A lawyers ensure that the sale of your business complies with all applicable laws, regulations, and industry standards. They advise you on legal and regulatory requirements related to the transaction, such as securities laws, antitrust regulations, employment laws, environmental regulations, and contractual obligations.
  5. Risk Management and Mitigation: M&A lawyers identify potential legal risks and liabilities associated with the sale of your business and help develop strategies to mitigate these risks. They conduct legal due diligence on your behalf to uncover any legal issues that may impact the transaction and advise you on how to address them effectively.
  6. Negotiation Support: M&A lawyers serve as your legal advocate during negotiations with the buyer, helping you negotiate the terms of the sale agreement, purchase price, representations and warranties, indemnification provisions, and other key deal terms. They leverage their expertise in negotiation tactics and deal structuring to achieve favorable outcomes on your behalf.
  7. Closing the Deal: M&A lawyers guide you through the closing process, ensuring that all legal requirements are met, and the transaction is completed smoothly and efficiently. They coordinate the execution of closing documents, facilitate the transfer of ownership and assets, and help resolve any last-minute issues or concerns that may arise.
  8. Post-Closing Matters: M&A lawyers assist with post-closing matters, such as the transfer of licenses, permits, contracts, and other assets, as well as the resolution of any remaining contingencies or obligations. They help ensure that you fulfill your post-closing obligations under the sale agreement and that the transition of ownership is completed successfully.

Overall, an experienced M&A lawyer can provide invaluable legal advice and support throughout the sale process, helping you navigate complex legal issues, minimize risks, and achieve a successful and legally sound transaction.

Hiring a M&A Firm Checklist

Hiring the right Merger and Acquisition (M&A) consultant is crucial for small business owners looking to sell or get acquired. Here’s a checklist to consider when hiring an M&A consultant:

  1. Experience and Expertise: Look for an M&A consultant with significant experience and expertise in mergers, acquisitions, and business sales, particularly within your industry or niche.
  2. Reputation and Track Record: Research the consultant’s reputation and track record of successful transactions. Seek references and testimonials from past clients to gauge their satisfaction with the consultant’s services.
  3. Industry Knowledge: Choose a consultant who has a deep understanding of your industry, market dynamics, and competitive landscape. Industry-specific knowledge can be invaluable in identifying potential buyers and maximizing value.
  4. Services Offered: Determine the range of services offered by the consultant, including valuation, marketing, negotiation, due diligence, and transaction management. Ensure that their services align with your needs and objectives.
  5. Customized Approach: Look for a consultant who offers a customized approach tailored to your specific circumstances and goals. Avoid one-size-fits-all solutions and seek personalized advice and strategies.
  6. Network and Connections: Assess the consultant’s network of contacts and connections within the industry, including potential buyers, investors, lenders, and other stakeholders. A robust network can help facilitate the transaction process and identify suitable opportunities.
  7. Communication and Transparency: Choose a consultant who communicates openly and transparently, keeping you informed at every stage of the process. Clear communication is essential for building trust and maintaining a positive relationship.
  8. Fee Structure: Understand the consultant’s fee structure, including upfront fees, retainer fees, success fees, and any additional costs or expenses. Ensure that the fees are reasonable and competitive relative to the value of the services provided.
  9. References and Testimonials: Request references and testimonials from past clients to assess the consultant’s reputation, reliability, and professionalism. Contacting references directly can provide valuable insights into their experience working with the consultant.
  10. Credentials and Certifications: Verify the consultant’s credentials, certifications, and affiliations with professional organizations such as the Association for Corporate Growth (ACG), International Business Brokers Association (IBBA), or M&A Advisor.
  11. Confidentiality and Discretion: Ensure that the consultant prioritizes confidentiality and discretion throughout the transaction process, especially when disclosing sensitive information about your business to potential buyers.
  12. Conflict of Interest: Clarify any potential conflicts of interest that may arise, such as representing both buyers and sellers simultaneously or having relationships with competing businesses. Ensure that the consultant acts in your best interests at all times.
  13. Compatibility and Chemistry: Assess the compatibility and chemistry between you and the consultant. A strong working relationship built on trust, respect, and mutual understanding is essential for a successful partnership.
  14. Timeline and Deadlines: Discuss the expected timeline and deadlines for the transaction process, including key milestones such as marketing, due diligence, negotiation, and closing. Ensure that the consultant can meet your timeline requirements and deadlines.
  15. Exit Strategy Planning: Inquire about the consultant’s approach to exit strategy planning and succession planning, particularly if you’re looking to sell your business. A strategic advisor can help you prepare your business for sale and maximize its value.

By considering these factors and conducting thorough due diligence, you can select an M&A consultant who is well-equipped to guide you through the sale or acquisition process and help you achieve your goals.

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Selling A Business by Industry:  Revenue Cycle Management | Water Treatment | Medical Equipment | Insurance | Facility Service Provider


Mergers & Acquisition Negotiating Negotiations

Business Broker Near Me

There are several ways to sell your business or hire a business broker to sell my business, and we are going to review a few in this article and provide checklists and action steps to help you navigate one of the happiest times of your BUSINESS CAREER.

For Sale Buy Owner
Hire A Business Broker
Strategic Acquisition or Bolt-on
Wrk With a Buy Side Firm
Sell to a Smart Money Buyer

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Sell your Business Own Your Own

Selling a business by the owner, often referred to as “for sale by owner” (FSBO), can present several challenges and risks that might make it less appealing compared to using professional services such as business brokers, M&A advisors, or investment bankers. Here are key reasons why selling your business on your own might not be the best approach: (it is best to have a friend that has had a successful exit to come along side you with this journey if you choose it it the right path for yo)

1. Lack of Market Knowledge

  • Challenge: Owners may not have a comprehensive understanding of the current market conditions, including the appropriate valuation for their business and the best marketing strategies to reach potential buyers.
  • Risk: This could result in undervaluing the business or failing to find a buyer altogether.

2. Limited Access to Buyers

  • Challenge: Owners typically have a limited network of potential buyers, which can significantly reduce the chances of finding the right buyer for their business.
  • Risk: This limited exposure may extend the time it takes to sell the business or may result in not selling at all.

3. Negotiation Challenges

  • Challenge: Business owners are often emotionally attached to their businesses, which can make objective negotiation difficult.
  • Risk: Emotional involvement may lead to poor negotiation outcomes, such as accepting lower offers or terms that are not in the owner’s best interest.

4. Complexity of the Sales Process

  • Challenge: The process of selling a business involves various complex steps, including business valuation, preparation of a detailed information memorandum, due diligence, and legal documentation.
  • Risk: Mistakes in any of these areas can derail the sale process, lead to legal liabilities, or result in financial losses.

5. Time and Effort

  • Challenge: Selling a business is time-consuming and can distract the owner from running the business, potentially affecting its performance and value.
  • Risk: The business may suffer during the sales process, decreasing its attractiveness to buyers and potentially reducing the sale price.

6. Confidentiality Issues

  • Challenge: Maintaining confidentiality during the sales process is crucial to prevent negative reactions from employees, customers, suppliers, and competitors.
  • Risk: Owners may struggle to market the business effectively while also keeping the sale confidential, risking premature disclosure that could harm the business.

7. Legal and Financial Pitfalls

  • Challenge: There are numerous legal and financial details involved in selling a business, requiring expertise in areas like contract law, taxation, and regulatory compliance.
  • Risk: Overlooking important details can lead to legal disputes, unexpected tax liabilities, or other costly issues after the sale.

8. Emotional Decision-Making

  • Challenge: Owners may make decisions based on their emotional attachment to the business rather than on what is financially or strategically best.
  • Risk: This can lead to rejecting suitable offers or holding out for unrealistic valuations.

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Business Broker

A business broker is a professional who assists in the buying and selling of businesses. The role of a business broker is multifaceted, encompassing elements of sales, marketing, finance, negotiation, and project management. They act as intermediaries between sellers and buyers of small to medium-sized businesses, facilitating transactions to ensure a smooth transfer of ownership. This role requires a combination of skills and knowledge to successfully navigate the complexities of business sales.

Key Responsibilities

  1. Valuation of Businesses: Assess and determine the value of a business based on its financial performance, assets, and market position.
  2. Marketing and Advertising: Develop and implement strategies to market businesses for sale, including preparing sales materials and listing businesses on relevant platforms.
  3. Buyer Qualification: Screen potential buyers to ensure they have the financial capacity and serious intent to purchase a business.
  4. Negotiation: Facilitate negotiations between buyers and sellers, acting as a mediator to resolve differences and reach a mutually beneficial agreement.
  5. Due Diligence Coordination: Assist in the due diligence process, ensuring that buyers have access to necessary financial records and information to evaluate the business accurately.
  6. Closing Transactions: Coordinate the closing process, including ensuring that all legal and financial documents are prepared, signed, and filed appropriately.
  7. Consultation and Advice: Provide clients with advice on the sale process, including pricing strategies, market trends, and legal requirements.

Skills and Qualifications

  • Educational Background: While a specific degree is not always required, backgrounds in business, finance, or a related field can be beneficial.
  • Experience: Prior experience in business sales, finance, or a related field is valuable. Understanding of small business operations and financial principles is crucial.
  • Licensing and Certification: Requirements vary by location, but many regions require business brokers to have a real estate license. Additional certifications from professional associations, like the International Business Brokers Association (IBBA), can enhance credibility.
  • Communication Skills: Strong verbal and written communication skills are essential for negotiating deals, marketing businesses, and advising clients.
  • Analytical Skills: Ability to analyze financial statements, market data, and business models to accurately value businesses and advise clients.
  • Ethical Standards: High ethical standards and integrity are critical, as brokers must handle confidential information and ensure fair dealings.

Hiring a Business Broker Check-list

Choosing the right business broker is essential, and it will be more than just the checklist…it will be a lot like dating. Finding the right one will not only help you get the EXIT COMPLETE but make your life/stress less.

Hiring a business broker check-list:

When listing your business for sale with a business broker, it’s crucial to ask the right questions to ensure they’re a good fit for your needs and to understand the process they will follow to sell your business. Here are 25 important questions to consider:

  1. Experience and Background
    • What is your experience in selling businesses similar to mine?
    • How long have you been a business broker?
  2. Credentials and Licensing
    • Do you have any professional certifications or licenses relevant to business brokerage?
    • Are you a member of any professional business broker associations?
  3. Sales Process
    • Can you walk me through your sales process from listing to closing?
    • How do you determine the valuation of a business?
  4. Marketing and Advertising
    • How will you market my business for sale?
    • What kind of advertising materials do you create, and can I see samples?
    • How do you maintain confidentiality while marketing the business?
  5. Buyer Qualification
    • How do you qualify potential buyers?
    • What steps do you take to ensure a buyer has the financial capacity to purchase my business?
  6. Communication and Reporting
    • How often will I receive updates on the sale process?
    • What kind of reporting can I expect to receive?
  7. Negotiation and Offers
    • How are offers presented and negotiated?
    • Will you assist in negotiating the terms of the sale?
  8. Fees and Contracts
    • What are your fees, and how are they structured?
    • Is there an exclusive listing period, and what happens if my business does not sell during that time?
    • Can I see a sample listing agreement?
  9. Closing Process
    • What is your role in the closing process?
    • Can you provide references from past clients?
  10. Post-Sale Support
    • What kind of support can I expect after the sale is completed?
  11. Success Rate and References
    • What is your success rate in selling businesses?
    • Can you provide references from past clients whose businesses you’ve sold?
  12. Market Analysis
    • How do you conduct market analysis for businesses like mine?
    • What current trends in my industry could affect the sale of my business?
  13. Buyer Network
    • Do you have a network of potential buyers for my type of business?
  14. Challenges and Solutions
    • What are the most common challenges in selling a business like mine, and how do you address them?
  15. Legal and Ethical Standards
    • How do you ensure compliance with legal and ethical standards in the sale process?
  16. Technology and Tools
    • What technology and tools do you use to facilitate the business sale process?
  17. Partnerships and Alliances
    • Do you work with other brokers or professionals to help sell the business?
  18. Exit Strategy Planning
    • Can you assist with exit strategy planning if I don’t have one in place?
  19. Confidentiality Agreement
    • How do you ensure that potential buyers sign a confidentiality agreement before receiving detailed information about my business?
  20. Post-Sale Non-Compete Agreements
    • Do you assist in negotiating post-sale non-compete agreements?
  21. Inventory and Asset Handling
    • How are inventory and other assets handled in the sale?
  22. Employee Retention
    • How do you handle communication with employees about the sale?
  23. Real Estate and Lease Agreements
    • How are real estate and lease agreements handled in the sale?
  24. After-Sale Transition
    • What support is available for the transition to the new owner?
  25. Feedback and Improvement
    • How do you handle feedback from sellers about the sales process?

Asking these questions can help you gauge the broker’s expertise, understand their process, and set the right expectations for the sale of your business.

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Strategic Acquisition or Bolt-on

A strategic acquisition or bolt-on acquisition refers to the purchase of a company by another company that is looking to strengthen its existing operations, expand its market reach, or acquire specific assets, technologies, or expertise. This type of acquisition is typically pursued by companies seeking to grow strategically and gain competitive advantages in their industry.

Strategic Acquisition

  • Definition: In a strategic acquisition, a larger company acquires a smaller company to gain access to new markets, products, technologies, or synergies that complement its existing business.
  • Purpose: The primary goal is to enhance the acquirer’s strategic position and long-term profitability, rather than just seeking immediate financial gain.

Bolt-on Acquisition

  • Definition: A bolt-on acquisition occurs when a company is acquired and then integrated into an existing division or subsidiary of the acquiring company. It’s often smaller in scale compared to the acquiring company’s size.
  • Purpose: The aim is to add specific capabilities or products, expand geographically, or achieve cost synergies, thereby strengthening the acquirer’s existing business units.

Why a Strategic or Bolt-on Acquisition Might Be Preferable to Selling Outright

  1. Synergy Realization: Acquisitions can create synergies that may not be achievable through organic growth alone, such as cost reductions, improved efficiency, or enhanced market presence.
  2. Expansion Opportunities: Through a strategic acquisition, companies can quickly enter new markets or segments, leveraging the acquired company’s existing customer base and distribution channels.
  3. Access to Technologies and Expertise: Acquiring a company with unique technologies, patents, or specialized expertise can provide a competitive edge and accelerate innovation within the acquiring company.
  4. Economies of Scale: Bolt-on acquisitions allow companies to achieve economies of scale by expanding their operations, which can lead to lower costs per unit and improved profitability.
  5. Risk Diversification: Acquiring businesses in different regions or sectors can help diversify risk, reducing the impact of industry-specific downturns on the overall business.
  6. Faster Growth: Strategic acquisitions can be a quicker pathway to growth compared to the slower process of building business capabilities from scratch.
  7. Enhanced Value: Companies may find that being part of a larger, more diverse organization enhances their value and provides stability, resources, and opportunities for growth that were not previously available.
  8. Continuity and Integration: Unlike selling outright, which might lead to significant changes or the dissolution of the original business, a bolt-on acquisition often maintains some level of continuity, and the acquired company can benefit from the resources and support of the larger entity.

For business owners, considering a strategic or bolt-on acquisition as an alternative to selling outright can be a way to ensure that their company continues to grow and thrive under the umbrella of a larger organization. This approach can also offer financial rewards, strategic advantages, and a way to safeguard the company’s legacy. It requires careful consideration of the strategic fit, cultural alignment, and long-term goals of both the acquiring and acquired companies.

Smart Money

“Smart money” refers to investments made by individuals or entities that possess expert knowledge and deep understanding of a particular industry or sector. These investors not only bring capital to a business but also valuable industry insights, experience, strategic relationships, and operational expertise that can significantly contribute to the growth and success of the company. Smart money investors are often contrasted with “passive investors” who provide capital but do not add any additional value in terms of industry knowledge or business acumen.

Benefits of Selling to Smart Money Investors:

  1. Industry Expertise: Smart money investors have a thorough understanding of the industry in which they invest, including the market dynamics, competitive landscape, regulatory environment, and emerging trends. This expertise can be invaluable in navigating challenges and seizing opportunities.
  2. Strategic Guidance: These investors can offer strategic guidance and mentorship to help the business scale, improve operational efficiencies, and enhance its market position.
  3. Networking Opportunities: Smart money investors often have extensive networks within the industry, including potential customers, partners, suppliers, and even future hires. Access to this network can open new doors and accelerate growth.
  4. Operational Support: Beyond financial investment, smart money can provide operational support in areas such as marketing, human resources, technology, and finance, leveraging their own resources and experience to improve business operations.
  5. Credibility and Reputation: Association with respected smart money investors can enhance the company’s credibility in the market, making it easier to attract additional investment, customers, and partners.

Selling to a Company with a Buy-Side Group Having an Affinity to Your Business:

A buy-side group that shows an affinity for your business implies that they are not just interested in the financial investment but also bring industry-specific knowledge, strategic interest, and a commitment to the long-term success of your business. Selling to such a group or company has several advantages:

  • Aligned Interests: These investors are more likely to understand the value proposition of your business and be aligned with your vision and goals, leading to a smoother partnership and shared objectives.
  • Strategic Growth: With their industry insight and strategic resources, these investors can help identify new growth avenues, optimize existing operations, and navigate market challenges effectively.
  • Higher Valuation: Investors with a strong understanding of your industry are better positioned to appreciate the true value of your business, potentially leading to a higher valuation at the time of sale.
  • Long-term Commitment: Such investors are typically interested in the long-term potential of the business rather than seeking quick returns, providing stability and continuity for the company, its employees, and customers.

In summary, selling to smart money investors or a company with a buy-side group that has an affinity for your business can offer significant benefits beyond mere financial investment. It can provide strategic advantages, operational support, and access to networks that are crucial for scaling the business and achieving long-term success.

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Growth Mergers & Acquisition Real Estate


What is a Fund of Funds?

A Fund of Funds (FoF) is an investment strategy used to hold a portfolio of other investment funds rather than investing directly in stocks, bonds, or other securities. This approach has several distinct characteristics and advantages, as well as some potential drawbacks. Here’s an overview:

Key Characteristics of a Fund of Funds

  1. Diversification: By investing in multiple funds, which in turn invest in a diverse array of assets, a Fund of Funds can offer a high level of diversification.
  2. Types of Underlying Funds: FoFs may invest in various types of funds, including mutual funds, hedge funds, private equity funds, and venture capital funds.
  3. Professional Management: FoFs are managed by professional fund managers who select and allocate investments among a range of funds.
  4. Investment Strategy: The investment strategy can vary widely, from conservative (focusing on funds with lower risk) to aggressive (targeting higher returns with higher risk).

Advantages of Fund of Funds

  1. Diversification: Diversification across different asset classes and investment styles can potentially reduce risk.
  2. Access to Expertise: Investors gain access to a selection of funds managed by specialists, which might be difficult or expensive to access individually.
  3. Simplified Investment: Investing in a single FoF can be simpler and more convenient than building and managing a diverse portfolio of individual funds.
  4. Access to Exclusive Funds: Some FoFs provide access to exclusive or closed funds that individual investors might not be able to invest in directly.

Potential Drawbacks

  1. Higher Expense Ratios: FoFs often have higher fees because investors pay management fees for the FoF as well as the underlying funds. These compounded fees can impact overall returns.
  2. Over-Diversification: There is a risk of over-diversification, where the spread of investments dilutes potential gains.
  3. Performance Dependency: The performance of a FoF heavily depends on the expertise of the fund managers and the performance of the underlying funds.
  4. Limited Control: Investors in a FoF have little to no control over the selection of underlying funds.

Suitable Investors

  • Individuals Seeking Diversification: Suitable for investors who want to diversify but prefer not to manage a large portfolio of varied investments themselves.
  • Inexperienced Investors: Beneficial for those who might lack the expertise to select and manage multiple funds.
  • Investors Looking for Specialized Funds: Useful for gaining access to specialized or exclusive funds.

Considerations Before Investing

  • Investment Goals: Ensure the FoF’s objectives align with your personal investment goals and risk tolerance.
  • Fees and Expenses: Understand the fee structure and how it might affect your investment returns.
  • Track Record: Look at the historical performance of the FoF and its underlying funds, keeping in mind that past performance is not indicative of future results.

In conclusion, a Fund of Funds can be a useful tool for investors seeking diversification and access to professional fund management. However, it’s important to carefully consider the associated fees and the specific investment strategy of the FoF to ensure it aligns with your individual financial goals and risk tolerance.



 Venture Capital Fund of Funds

A Venture Capital Fund of Funds (VC FoF) is a specific type of Fund of Funds that invests in various venture capital funds rather than directly investing in individual startups or companies. This approach offers investors exposure to a portfolio of venture capital investments through a single investment vehicle. Here’s a detailed look at the characteristics, advantages, and considerations of a Venture Capital Fund of Funds:

Key Characteristics

  1. Diversification Across VC Funds: A VC FoF invests in a range of venture capital funds, which in turn invest in different startups or early-stage companies across various industries and stages of development.
  2. Access to Multiple Venture Capital Managers: Investors gain access to a variety of venture capital management teams and their investment strategies.
  3. Risk Mitigation: By spreading investments across multiple funds, a VC FoF can potentially mitigate the high risks associated with venture capital investments.
  4. Professional Management: The FoF is managed by professionals who have expertise in assessing and selecting venture capital funds.


  1. Diversified Exposure to Startups: Provides exposure to a broad range of startups and industries, which might be difficult for individual investors to achieve.
  2. Reduced Risk: Diversification across various VC funds and sectors can reduce the overall risk compared to investing in a single VC fund.
  3. Access to Top-Tier VC Funds: VC FoFs often have access to prestigious and high-performing VC funds that may be inaccessible to individual investors due to high minimum investment requirements or limited availability.
  4. Expertise in Fund Selection: Investors benefit from the expertise of FoF managers who conduct due diligence and select VC funds with strong potential.

Considerations and Potential Drawbacks

  1. Fee Structure: Investing in a VC FoF involves layered fees – the FoF management fee on top of the fees for the underlying VC funds. This can impact overall returns.
  2. Liquidity Constraints: Venture capital investments are typically illiquid, and this extends to investments in VC FoFs. Investors should be prepared for a long-term commitment.
  3. Complexity: The structure and performance of VC FoFs can be complex to understand and evaluate, especially considering the varying stages and strategies of the underlying VC funds.
  4. Dependence on Fund Managers: The success of the investment heavily relies on the skill and selection criteria of the FoF managers.

Suitable Investors

  • Institutional Investors: Such as pension funds, endowments, and foundations, which have large capital reserves and a long-term investment horizon.
  • High-Net-Worth Individuals: Who have the capital and risk tolerance for venture capital investing but prefer diversified exposure and professional management.
  • Investors Seeking VC Exposure: Those looking to add venture capital to their investment portfolio without the challenge of direct VC fund selection.

Investment Strategy and Goals

Before investing in a VC FoF, it’s important to consider your investment strategy, risk tolerance, and long-term financial goals. Understanding the fund’s investment focus (e.g., specific industries, stages of company development, geographic regions) and its track record is also crucial.

In summary, a Venture Capital Fund of Funds offers a way to invest in a diversified portfolio of venture capital funds, providing broad exposure to the venture capital ecosystem. While this approach can offer risk mitigation and access to top-tier funds, potential investors should carefully consider the fee structure, liquidity, and the long-term nature of such investments.

Venture Debt Fund Of Funds Venture Debt

A Venture Debt Fund of Funds (FoF) is a specialized investment vehicle that pools capital to invest in a portfolio of venture debt funds. Venture debt itself is a type of debt financing provided to startups and growth-stage companies that may not yet be profitable or have sufficient assets to secure traditional bank loans. Here’s a more detailed look at Venture Debt Funds of Funds and their characteristics:

Characteristics of Venture Debt Funds of Funds

  1. Investment Focus: These funds invest in a variety of venture debt funds, which in turn provide loans to startups and growth-stage companies, often in technology, life sciences, or other high-growth sectors.
  2. Diversification: By investing in multiple venture debt funds, a Venture Debt FoF provides diversified exposure to a wide range of companies and industries, reducing the risk associated with individual investments.
  3. Risk Profile: Venture debt carries a moderate level of risk; it is typically secured by company assets or comes with warrants for company stock, offering some level of protection compared to equity investments.
  4. Return Profile: Returns from venture debt funds are generally derived from interest payments on the loans and, in some cases, from the appreciation of warrants.

Advantages of Venture Debt Funds of Funds

  1. Diversified Exposure to Venture Debt: Offers investors a way to diversify their investment across various venture debt opportunities, mitigating risk.
  2. Professional Management: Managed by professionals with expertise in selecting and managing venture debt investments.
  3. Income Generation: Venture debt funds can provide a steady income stream through interest payments, which can be attractive to investors looking for regular returns.
  4. Lower Volatility: Compared to venture capital equity investments, venture debt can offer lower volatility, as returns are not solely dependent on the success or exit of the underlying companies.

Considerations and Challenges

  1. Fee Structure: Similar to other types of FoFs, investors in a Venture Debt FoF incur layered fees – the fees of the FoF itself and those of the underlying venture debt funds.
  2. Liquidity: Venture debt funds, like most private market investments, are illiquid, requiring a long-term commitment from investors.
  3. Risk of Default: While less risky than equity investments in startups, there is still a risk of default by the borrowing companies, which can impact returns.
  4. Specialized Market Knowledge: Understanding the venture debt market requires specialized knowledge, making it more suitable for sophisticated or institutional investors.

Suitable Investors

  • Institutional Investors: Such as pension funds, endowments, or family offices, looking to diversify their alternative investment portfolio.
  • Accredited Investors: High-net-worth individuals or entities that meet certain financial criteria and can handle the risks associated with private debt investments.

Investment Strategy and Goals

Investors considering a Venture Debt Fund of Funds should align their investment with their overall portfolio strategy, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. It’s also important to understand the specific focus of the FoF, such as the types of venture debt funds it invests in and the sectors or stages of companies those funds target.

In conclusion, a Venture Debt Fund of Funds offers a unique way for investors to gain exposure to the venture debt market, combining the benefits of professional management and diversification. However, it’s important for potential investors to carefully consider the associated risks, liquidity constraints, and cost structure of such an investment.

Real Estate Fund Of Funds

A Real Estate Fund of Funds (RE FoF) is a specialized investment vehicle that pools capital to invest in a diversified portfolio of real estate funds rather than directly investing in individual real estate properties. This approach offers investors exposure to a broad range of real estate investments through a single fund. Here’s a detailed look at the characteristics, advantages, and considerations of a Real Estate Fund of Funds:

Characteristics of Real Estate Funds of Funds

  1. Diversification Across Real Estate Funds: A RE FoF invests in various real estate funds, each of which may have a portfolio of different types of real estate assets, such as residential, commercial, industrial, or retail properties.
  2. Geographic Diversification: By investing in funds that focus on different regions or countries, a RE FoF can offer geographic diversification, spreading risk across various real estate markets.
  3. Exposure to Different Real Estate Strategies: These may include core (lower-risk, stable-return properties), value-added (properties that can be enhanced), and opportunistic (higher-risk, higher-return properties) strategies.
  4. Professional Management: RE FoFs are managed by professionals with expertise in real estate investing and fund selection.

Advantages of Real Estate Funds of Funds

  1. Broad Market Exposure: Offers investors a way to gain exposure to a wide range of real estate markets and strategies without the need to directly manage properties.
  2. Risk Mitigation: Diversification across various funds and real estate sectors can reduce the overall risk compared to investing in a single real estate fund or property.
  3. Access to Expertise and Exclusive Funds: Investors benefit from the expertise of FoF managers in selecting funds, some of which might be inaccessible to individual investors due to high minimum investment requirements.
  4. Simplified Investment Process: Investing in a RE FoF can be more straightforward and less time-consuming than selecting and managing multiple real estate funds or properties.

Considerations and Potential Drawbacks

  1. Fee Structure: Investors in a RE FoF will typically incur double layers of fees – the management fees of the FoF itself and the fees of the underlying real estate funds.
  2. Liquidity: Real estate investments are generally illiquid, and this extends to investments in RE FoFs. Investors should be prepared for a long-term commitment.
  3. Market Risk: Real estate markets can be subject to fluctuations due to economic, regulatory, and environmental factors.
  4. Dependence on Management Expertise: The success of the investment heavily relies on the skill and selection criteria of the FoF managers.

Suitable Investors

  • Institutional Investors: Such as pension funds, endowments, and foundations, which have large capital reserves and a long-term investment horizon.
  • High-Net-Worth Individuals: Who seek exposure to real estate but prefer the diversified and managed approach of a FoF.
  • Investors Seeking Real Estate Exposure: Those looking to diversify their investment portfolio with real estate without the complexities of direct property ownership.

Investment Strategy and Goals

Before investing in a Real Estate Fund of Funds, it’s important to consider your overall investment strategy, risk tolerance, and long-term financial goals. Understanding the fund’s specific focus (e.g., types of real estate, geographic regions, investment strategies) and its historical performance is also crucial.

In summary, a Real Estate Fund of Funds offers a way to invest in a diversified portfolio of real estate funds, providing broad exposure to the real estate investment sector. While this approach can offer diversification benefits and access to professional management, potential investors should carefully consider the associated fees, liquidity constraints, and the nature of real estate market risks.

How do you become a Fund of Funds Manager?

Becoming a Fund of Funds (FoF) Manager is a career path that involves a combination of education, experience in the finance or investment sector, and a deep understanding of various investment strategies. Here’s a general roadmap to becoming a FoF manager:

1. Educational Background

  • Bachelor’s Degree: Start with a bachelor’s degree in finance, economics, business administration, or a related field. This foundational education is crucial for understanding financial markets, accounting principles, and economic theory.
  • Advanced Degrees: Consider pursuing a Master’s degree in Finance, Business Administration (MBA), or a related field. Specialized programs in investment management or financial analysis can be particularly beneficial.

2. Gain Relevant Experience

  • Financial Sector Experience: Start your career in the financial sector. Roles in investment banking, asset management, financial analysis, or financial advisory services are typical starting points.
  • Investment Management: Gain experience in investment management. Working in roles that involve managing portfolios, analyzing investments, and understanding different asset classes is crucial.
  • Specialize in Funds: Develop a specialization in fund management. This could involve working with mutual funds, hedge funds, private equity, or venture capital, depending on your area of interest.

3. Develop a Deep Understanding of Various Investment Strategies

  • Diversified Knowledge: FoF managers need to understand a wide range of investment strategies, as they assess and select various types of funds for inclusion in a FoF.
  • Market Trends and Analysis: Stay updated on market trends, economic conditions, and investment theories. Continuous learning is key in this dynamic field.

4. Build a Strong Professional Network

  • Industry Connections: Network with professionals in the investment community. Attend conferences, seminars, and workshops to meet potential mentors, employers, and clients.
  • Professional Associations: Join professional associations related to investment management and finance.

5. Obtain Relevant Certifications

  • CFA Charterholder: Consider becoming a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA). The CFA designation is highly respected in the investment management industry and covers a wide range of investment topics.
  • Other Certifications: Depending on your region and the specific sector you’re interested in, other certifications may be beneficial.

6. Develop Key Skills

  • Analytical Skills: Strong analytical and quantitative skills are essential for assessing investment opportunities and risks.
  • Communication Skills: Effective communication and interpersonal skills are crucial for dealing with clients, investors, and other stakeholders.
  • Decision-Making Skills: You should be able to make informed decisions based on complex information and uncertain market conditions.

7. Consider Starting in a Related Role

  • Work in Fund Management: Before becoming a FoF manager, you might start in a related role within a fund, such as an analyst or a junior portfolio manager.
  • Transition to FoF Management: With sufficient experience and a track record in fund management, you can transition to a role specifically in FoF management.

8. Continuous Learning and Adaptation

  • Stay Informed: The financial market is dynamic. Continuous learning and adaptation to new financial tools, regulations, and market changes are crucial for long-term success.

9. Legal and Ethical Standards

  • Understand Regulations: Be well-versed in the legal and ethical standards governing investment management in your jurisdiction.

Becoming a FoF manager requires a blend of education, practical experience, and a deep understanding of various investment strategies. It’s a career path that demands dedication, continuous learning, and a passion for the investment world.

Mergers & Acquisition

Merger and Acquisition Valuation Expert

Navigating the Complexities of Mergers and Acquisitions: A Guide to Valuations

Introduction: In the intricate world of mergers and acquisitions (M&A), understanding the art and science of valuations is pivotal. For businesses considering a merger or planning to buy or sell a company, accurate valuations are the bedrock of negotiation and the key to a successful transaction. A company specializing in M&A must master various valuation techniques to ensure that all parties involved recognize the true worth of the business in question. This article delves into the crucial aspects of M&A valuations, providing insight into determining selling prices, offer prices, and ultimately bridging the valuation gap. Also, understanding the mark the company is in, as well as what it may take to move to a different status for higher multiples like tech or innovation.

The valuation process in M&A


The valuation process in M&A is a multifaceted exercise that requires thorough analysis and strategic foresight. It’s not just about numbers; it’s about understanding what those numbers represent. Valuations set the stage for negotiations and can influence the trajectory of the deal.

Selling Price and Offer Price:

The selling price and the offer price are often the starting points of any M&A conversation. While the selling price is the amount the seller hopes to receive, the offer price is what the buyer is willing to pay. The delicate balance between these two figures can be navigated through detailed valuation models that consider both the intrinsic and equity values of the business.

Valuation Multiple and Business Valuation:

Valuation multiples provide a quick and effective way to compare a company against its peers. By examining earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA), or other financial metrics, M&A experts can arrive at a business valuation that reflects the company’s performance and potential.

Business Appraisal and Fair Market Value:

A comprehensive business appraisal goes beyond the surface to analyze the fair market value, which is the price at which an asset would sell under normal market conditions. This involves a deep dive into financial statements, market positioning, and future earnings potential.

Closing the Valuation Gap:

A common challenge in M&A transactions is the valuation gap, where there is a discrepancy between what the buyer is willing to pay and what the seller expects to receive. Closing this gap requires a strategic approach, often involving adjustments to the valuation model or reevaluation of the intangible assets and goodwill of the company.

Valuation Model:

Valuation models, such as discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, are essential tools used to determine the present value of an investment based on its expected future cash flows. These models are integral to capturing the intrinsic value of a company, which reflects the perceived true value of the business based on both quantitative and qualitative analyses.

Intrinsic Value and Equity Value:

Intrinsic value is an estimation of a company’s true value based on an underlying perception of its true value, including all aspects of the business. Equity value, on the other hand, is the value of the company’s shares and interests to the shareholders. Both are crucial for understanding the financial standing of a business during an M&A transaction.

Intangible Asset Valuation:

The valuation of intangible assets like patents, trademarks, and brand recognition is often complex but essential, especially in today’s knowledge-driven economy. These assets can significantly affect the overall value of a business and must be accurately assessed during an M&A deal.

Merger and Acquisition Valuation:

The M&A valuation process is a comprehensive assessment that includes not just the valuation of tangible and intangible assets but also synergies that the merger could bring forth. This holistic approach including industry norms and caluators, ensures that all potential growth avenues and cost-saving opportunities are factored into the valuation.

Goodwill Valuation:

Goodwill arises when a company acquires another for a price higher than the fair value of its net identifiable assets. Goodwill valuation is subjective and often involves forecasting future benefits from the acquisition, such as an expanded customer base or enhanced brand reputation.

Valuation Analysis:

A robust valuation analysis is the backbone of any M&A transaction. It involves a thorough review and scrutiny of all valuation methods applied, ensuring that they reflect the true picture of the company’s worth and prospects.

Conclusion: I

In the dynamic landscape of mergers and acquisitions, precise valuations are the currency of successful deals. A specialized M&A company must be adept at conducting comprehensive valuation analyses to offer the most advantageous outcomes for their clients. By understanding the intricate details of various valuation methods, from appraisal to goodwill valuation, such a firm can confidently guide its clients through the complexities of M&A transactions, ensuring clarity, fairness, and strategic alignment with their long-term business goals. Start with our Business Valuation Calculator

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Business Valuation Gap Analysis

Business Valuation Gap Analysis Business Valuation Gap Analysis

A Business Valuation Gap Analysis is a tool used to evaluate the difference between a business’s current valuation and its targeted or desired valuation. The “gap” represents the amount by which the actual value of the business falls short of or exceeds its expected value as determined by the business owner, investors, or other stakeholders.

Components of Business Valuation Gap Analysis

  1. Current Business Valuation: This is the existing value of the business, often calculated through methods such as Discounted Cash Flow (DCF), Comparable Company Analysis, or Book Value, among others.
  2. Targeted Valuation: This is the desired valuation that the company aims to achieve within a specific period, often set by the management or investors.
  3. Gap Analysis: This identifies the “gap” or difference between the current and targeted valuations. It serves as a quantitative measure of how much needs to be done to reach the target.

Purpose of Business Valuation Gap Analysis

  • Strategic Planning: It helps companies understand where they are versus where they want to be, aiding in setting realistic goals and strategies.
  • Investment Decisions: Investors can use it to evaluate whether the gap between the current and desired valuations is realistically bridgeable.
  • Operational Changes: It helps identify areas of improvement or potential risks that need to be addressed to close the valuation gap.
  • Fundraising: Demonstrating a clear path to closing the valuation gap can be a strong selling point during fundraising efforts.
  • Mergers & Acquisitions: Knowing the valuation gap can inform negotiations and deal structures.
  • Performance Metrics: It allows businesses to set benchmarks and key performance indicators (KPIs) to monitor progress toward closing the gap.

Steps in Conducting Business Valuation Gap Analysis

  1. Calculate Current Valuation: Utilize one or multiple business valuation methods to establish a baseline value.
  2. Determine Target Valuation: Set a target value based on growth prospects, market opportunities, and other strategic objectives.
  3. Identify the Gap: Subtract the current valuation from the target valuation to determine the gap.
  4. Analyze Factors: Evaluate internal and external factors contributing to the gap. These could be market conditions, operational inefficiencies, etc.
  5. Develop Strategies: Create a detailed action plan to close the valuation gap.
  6. Implement and Monitor: Execute the action plan and regularly monitor progress, making adjustments as necessary.

Understanding the valuation gap and its underlying causes is crucial for businesses that aim to increase their market value, whether for investment, M&A, or other strategic purposes. Valuation Calculator

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Business Valuation Calculator

Types of Business Valuations

Method Description
Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Future cash flows are discounted back to present value
Comparable Company Analysis Comparing valuation metrics with similar businesses
Market Capitalization Stock price multiplied by total number of shares
Book Value Net asset value from the balance sheet
Liquidation Value Value of assets if sold individually
Earnings Multiplier Earnings multiplied by an industry-specific factor
Replacement Cost Cost to replace all assets
Revenue Multiple Revenue multiplied by an industry-specific factor
Price-to-Earnings (P/E) Ratio Market value per share divided by earnings per share

Why Business Valuations Are Important

  • Investor Confidence: A solid business valuation can instill confidence among investors, potentially leading to increased investment.
  • Strategic Planning: Understanding the value of a business helps in making informed decisions for future growth and restructuring.
  • Mergers & Acquisitions: Accurate valuation is crucial for negotiating deals and understanding the fair market value of a business.
  • Succession Planning: Valuations are critical for understanding the value of the business for potential succession or sale.
  • Access to Funding: Lenders or investors often require a business valuation to assess the risk associated with the business.
  • Tax Purposes: Understanding the value of a business can be essential for various tax-related transactions and compliance.
  • Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs): Valuation helps in setting the price for stock when offering stock options to employees.
  • Litigation and Dispute Resolution: In legal cases like divorce or partnership disputes, a valuation can help in reaching a fair settlement.
  • Market Positioning: Knowing the value of the business relative to competitors provides insights into market positioning and competitive advantage.

Having an accurate business valuation is crucial for various aspects of managing, selling, or investing in a business. It provides a comprehensive view of a company’s health, growth potential, and overall viability can be as simple as a business valuation calculator in excel to as complex as a professional valuation by firm or expert!

Business valuation services near me?

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Mergers & Acquisition Personal Development

How Doritos Were Invented From a Disneyland Trash Can

Would you be surprised to know that the invention of Doritos was influenced by a trashcan at Disneyland?
In the early days of Disneyland, a restaurant named Casa de Fritos invented Doritos by repurposing stale tortillas they bought from a local vendor. The chips proved to be so popular they were eventually rolled out nationally by Frito-Lay in 1966.
Today the brands sells $1.48 billion of the chips every year.
Here’s how it all started…

How Doritos We’re Invented in a Trash Can

Casa de Fritos” was, unsurprisingly, all about the Fritos (corn chips). Customers got free chips, and they were incorporated into all of the dishes at the Disneyland restaurant.
All ingredients served at Casa de Fritos, such as the tortillas, chips, meat, beans, and fresh produce, were supplied by a company called Alex Foods, located just a few blocks from Disneyland.
One day, one of the salesmen from Alex Foods, making a delivery to Casa de Fritos, noticed stale tortillas in the garbage and gave the cook a little tip:
fry them and sell them as chips instead of just throwing them away.”
So the cooks gave it a try and while they were at it, through in some seasoning. The result was an enormous success. Their customers couldn’t get enough of them.
Here’s how the company found an innovative way to sell them…

Who the Hell Was the Frito Kid?

Being a theme park restaurant, Casa de Frito, had a theme of their own. The company started selling chips from a “Frito Kid” vending machine. During the 1950s and 1960s, Disneyland guests could insert a nickel into the coin box and the Fritos official mascot, The Frito Kid, would come to life, lick his lips, and call for Klondike the Miner to send a bag of Fritos down the chute.
The stereophonic audio track changed with each purchase, so each customer would hear a different interaction between the Kid and Klondike.

Photo: Spacemountainmike, used under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Casa de Fritos was located next to the Mine Train Through Nature’s Wonderland attraction (which was replaced in 1979 by the runaway mine train rollercoaster Big Thunder Mountain Railroad).
They were a massively successful…
A year later, the new VP of Frito-Lay, Archibald Clark West, dropped by the restaurant without warning and saw hundreds of customers stuffing their faces with the seasoned chips.
So he had an idea to turn the chips into a brand.
West quickly made a deal with Alex Foods to produce them as a separately branded snack. He later branded them as Doritos” (the name is Spanish for “little pieces of gold”).
When Doritos started to get big, production of the chips was moved to a bigger factory in Tulsa. West test-marketed the chips in southern California. They sold out faster than Alex Foods could produce them.
The whole world fell in love with Doritos. West even loved Doritos to his grave (literally). At his funeral, his daughter threw Doritos into the grave after him (as per his request).
Today Doritos is the top ranked tortilla/tostada chip brand in the world.100 million bags of various types of Doritos are consumed daily.


PS>>>Here’s a throwback to the bizarre time when Doritos launch a foot long chip…

For more information visit tylerhayzlett.com

Mergers & Acquisition Personal Development

How a Boy Who “Never Made a Sub” Invented Subway.

Subway currently holds the status of being the biggest fast-food chain on the planet. They surpassed McDonald’s and KFC’s store count decades ago with over 44,000 stores in 110 countries. Last year they generated $1.3 billion in revenue (triple since 2019).

Their recent spike in gross sales though has exposed a tragic dilemma facing the franchise. More on that in a second but first, here’s how it all started.

Subway was launched by a 17-year-old from the Bronx who had never made a sub in his life until opening day. Despite his lack of subs, the sandwiches he sold eventually earned him a net worth of approximately $3 billion and became the most successful franchise business on the planet.


The Founder of Subway Never Wanted to be in Business…

Subway launched in 1965 when 17-year-old Fred DeLuca asked his family friend, Dr. Peter Buck, a nuclear physicist, for advice on how to pay his college tuition. With an idea to open a submarine sandwich shop and an initial $1,000 investment from Dr. Buck, the two formed a business partnership.

In fact, Fred had zero intentions of ever becoming a businessman. This was his plan to put himself through school in order to become a doctor.

The partners opened their first restaurant in Bridgeport, Connecticut, in August of 1965, where they served freshly-made, customizable and affordable sandwiches to local guests. Subway was originally called ‘Pete’s Super Submarines’.

And people ate up the concept of a giant foot-long sandwich “made right before your eyes, the way you want ’em.” As it turns out, customizing your sandwich was a novelty in the fast food industry.  This is probably also where Burger King adopted their slogan; “have it your way”.



Subway’s Insanely Effective Franchise Model…

What put Subway on the entrepreneurial map was their decision to begin franchising with a goal of operating a chain of 35 stores. The franchise model launched the Subway brand into a period of incredible growth and popularity.

Not only were Subway franchises successful, they were, and still are, one of the cheapest chains to open in the franchise world. It costs between $116,000 and $263,000 to open a Subway franchise. Compare that to opening a McDonald’s, which costs up to $2.2 million.

But here’s the catch…

Because Subways are easy to open, the number of stores skyrocketed. Between 1990 and 1998, store locations rose steeply from 5,000 to 13,200. And in that same period of time, gross sales rose by about $2.1 billion. Subway’s success continued into the early 2000s. At a time when obesity was rising rapidly in America, Subway continued to market itself as a healthy alternative to fast food.

Things were going great, until this happened…


Is This the Beginning of the End for Subway?

Starting in 2014, Subway’s sales began steadily dropping. Behind the scenes, many of the reasons for Subway’s success had turned on them. Quiznos was once Subway’s main competition, but tons of sub chains, like Jimmy John’s, Firehouse, Potbelly, and Jersey Mike’s, and fast-casual chains like Panera, were offering similar fresh and healthier options for sandwiches and wraps. Stealing away Subway’s dominant market share.

Other fast-food chains weren’t the only competition for Subway franchises. With Subway’s franchising model making it so easy to open locations, stores inevitably started opening up around the corner from each other in lucrative markets. And these locations in close proximity began cannibalizing each other’s sales.

It’s a real problem…


Subway’s Franchise Model Has Been Under Attack Since the 90s

In recent years, Subway has closed thousands of locations. Here’s why…

The Subway franchise agreement states the company can open locations anywhere they want. There’s no protected territories for the owners. So franchisees really have no say-so in where the other franchisees are going to open.

In 2016, Subway’s US location count dropped by 359. It lost another 909 locations in 2017. It dropped another 1,108 locations in 2018. In part due to market saturation and a drop in sales, but also Subway has been attempting to clean up the cannibalization problem that plagues their franchisees.

Another contributing factor to Subway’s dip in growth for their store locations are the size of the companies royalties at nearly 10% of sales!

The company’s 8% royalties (which are still in effect today)  are the highest in the industry (compared to 3-5% at other fast food stores like McDonald’s)


But all criticism aside, the brand still maintains 60% of the quick-service sandwich market in the U.S. A pretty impressive accomplishment for a kid from the Bronx with zero experience.







For more information visit tylerhayzlett.com

Capital Entrepreneurship Growth Investing Mergers & Acquisition Wealth

“Competition is for Losers” Peter Theil’s Billionaire Monopoly Strategy

“If you’re starting a company, you always want to aim for a monopoly and avoid competition. Hence, competition is for Losers.” – Peter Thiel


Who the Hell Are You Calling a Loser?

In a famous Y Combinator master class, Peter Theil founder of Paypal and Palantir, presented his famous business strategy that requires founders to position their growth for a monopoly of the industry.

‘Competition is for losers’ is one of his mantras. ‘Monopoly is the condition of every successful business’ is another. It is the ultimate test of entrepreneurship to build something that is one of a kind, sufficiently different from what already exists to render the idea of competition redundant.

In this article, we’ll cover how Peter approaches new markets and how to create a monopoly. But first, here’s a brief background on Thiel and why you should even care what he has to say in the first place…


Who the Hell is Peter Thiel?

You could say he knows a thing or two about the tech space. Peter Andreas Thiel is a German-American billionaire entrepreneur and venture capitalist. A co-founder of PayPal, CIA-based Palantir Technologies, and Founders Fund.

He was also the first outside investor in some of the biggest unicorns in silicon valley including Facebook, Stripe and Space X.

His companies and investments have earned him a net worth of $5 billion. He also gives a small number of entrepreneurs $100k over two years to skip college and build their own companies.

You can watch his talk at Y Combinator. Or read the summary below…




So How Do You Enter a Crowded Market? Don’t…

As Peter explains, especially to tech founders, companies need to be very careful about what markets they enter and especially how they differentiate themselves as not better, but something entirely different when approaching markets of high competition.

Similar to the Blue Ocean Strategy, Theil explains that if you’re entering into a  crowded market it’s very difficult (and often expensive) to gain the attention needed to build effective brand awareness. Especially if you offer similar product or service…

Success in saturated markets requires a lot of money to advertise, dramatically lowering your margins and ability to win. This has also been dubbed, the start-up graveyard.


Evaluate the Cost Trap of Entering Saturated Markets

The only way to enter saturated markets with established larger brands (with way more money than you) is to make a product or service completely better and different than everyone else on the market.

But doing so is way easier said than done. That’s where the case for chasing emerging market trends pays off. Emerging companies (especially tech), should forget fitting into existing markets and instead pursue entirely new and emerging  potential markets. Even if it’s risky.

Here’s why…

When entering markets with less or no competition, you have a greater chance of success and it’s far easier and more cost effective to acquire the attention you need to scale. Simply because you’re one of a few players in the space.

Even if you launch in an emerging market with an average or similar product at the beginning, you will have more time and opportunity to develop and perfect your average product and service while you’re building your audience and future customer base.

In fact, if you think about it, that’s exactly how most successful tech companies have been able to scale so fast as early stage market players. They rode the wave of the trend and captured all the early attention establishing their future industry dominance.



Facebook wasn’t the first social network site, Google wasn’t the first search engine, Microsoft wasn’t the first OS company or Apple wasn’t the first computer company. But they were early in the market, they caught the trend and they executed better than everyone else. And when market reached its full potential they became big brands or monopolies.

That’s what Peter Thiel meant by “competition is for losers”…






For more information visit tylerhayzlett.com

Capital Case Studies Entrepreneurship Growth Investing Mergers & Acquisition Technology Wealth

WATCH: High School Dropout Turns $500 Website into $35 Million Fortune Using This Platform…

Meet the Former MMA fighter, high school dropout, and single father who had absolutely zero business background bought a business for $500 on an online business flipping site. 9 years later, his business is doing $35 million a year.

His advice to you? “Don’t start a business, buy one.”

Here’s how you can do it too…


But first, here’s a quick background on Ramon Van Meer

Today Ramon Van Meer is the CEO and founder of Alpha Paw, a website for pet owners that offers products for every dog breed-specific health issue. Ramon bought the business for $300k and has built it to $35M in revenue within three years.


Where’d he get the money to buy it? Through a series of website flips that started with a small content blog about financial credit, a site he bout on Flippa for $500. He promoted it and built a small following and sold it. He did that again about 3-4 more sites.

You can watch Ramon’s incredible exit story below or listen to it in the Quiet Light podcast, but want I wanted to show you, is the site Ramon and thousands of others go to buy and sell websites. Flippa.com.




Want to Buy or Sell a Website? Meet Flippa.com

Flippa.com is an auction site where you can buy and sell internet businesses. Don’t know how to code or build a membership site or dropping shipping store? No problem, just buy one.


What Can You Buy and Sell on Flippa?

Flippa lets you can buy and sell websites, drop shipping stores, domains, and even mobile apps. The portal is aimed to assist website owners in selling their websites as well as assisting others in purchasing established websites, domains drop shipping sites, and mobile apps.

Sites can range from just created with zero revenue to multi-million in reoccurring sales…

If you’re interested in learning more about how to use Flippa and the pros and cons of the platform, check out this full report and guide from Niches Pursuits.


For more information visit tylerhayzlett.com