The Qualified Business Income Deduction (QBI), also known as Section 199A, is a tax provision of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. This deduction allows businesses to reduce their taxable income by up to 20% of the business’s qualified business income. QBI applies to certain pass-through entities such as sole proprietorships, partnerships, S corporations, and some trusts and estates.
How does the QBI Deduction Work? In order to qualify for the QBI deduction, first you must have an eligible trade or business. Qualified trades or businesses include those that earn money through income from services performed in fields such as health, law, consulting, athletics, financial services, and more. The deduction can only be used in relation to taxable income generated by these types of services; it cannot be applied to wages earned from a job or other forms of passive income.
Once you have confirmed that your trade or business qualifies for the QBI deduction, you must then calculate your total qualified business income. To do this, first you need to add up all regular and capital gains net incomes earned by your trade or business throughout the year. Once you have determined your total qualified business income amount, you can subtract 20% of this amount from your taxable income for that year.
Why would this benefit my business? The QBI deduction offers tangible benefits for small businesses owners who qualify for it. The main advantage is that it helps reduce overall tax liability at the end of each year. A lower tax burden can mean more funds available for reinvestment into your business or other investments such as retirement accounts. Additionally, if you are filing taxes jointly with a spouse who also has qualifying trades or businesses, both parties may be able to take advantage of the full 20% deduction – which could potentially double the savings!
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Scott L. Arden, CEO Controllers, Ltd www.controllersltd.com